Dental implants remain by far one of the most sought-after tooth-loss therapies since the replacement prosthetic looks exactly like your natural teeth. Moreover, dental implants are beneficial to your dental health since they stimulate the growth of your jawbone so you are not at risk of bone loss or facial deformities in the event that you lost multiple teeth at a time. Nevertheless, while many people are aware of the option of getting a dental implant, not many know what goes into the process of acquiring one. So if you are set to get a dental implant, here is a brief guide on the steps that go into this process.
Step 1: Instruction guide on pre-operative care
Acquiring a dental implant is not merely about going to a dental surgeon and having the prosthetic implanted. There are specific instructions that you need to follow prior to the surgery to minimise the risk of infection and other complications drastically. Firstly, your dentist will instruct you to routinely rinse your mouth with an antibacterial mouthwash to minimise bacteria in your mouth before you get the surgery. Secondly, your dental surgeon will prescribe antibiotics that you should ingest in the days leading up to your surgery, which also works to mitigate the risk of infection. If your dental implant surgery will entail intravenous sedation, you will be instructed to fast for a specific duration before the surgery.
Step 2: Dental implant surgery
The surgical procedure for the implantation of the implant is carried out in two main phases. The first phase is the actual surgical procedure. Either your dental surgeon will employ a localised anaesthetic or they will sedate you intravenously before the surgery can be performed. Once your pain receptors are numbed, the dental surgeon will incise your implant site (the location of the lost tooth) to expose your jawbone. Once the jawbone is visible, a drill is employed to create a suitable hole in which a titanium root is screwed into it. Once the base of the dental implant is in place, the site is sutured and the surgery completed. The implant will then be given several months to fuse into the jawbone.
Step 3: Creation of the crown
This step in actuality is the second phase of your implant surgery. As the name suggests, it entails taking impressions of the surgical site to be used for the creation of a crown. The dental surgeon will incise the healed surgical site so that they have a clear view of the implant. The impressions taken are supposed to provide the right specifications for the crown so that it fits seamlessly when attached by a metal post to the titanium prosthetic in your jawbone. These parts make up your dental implant and the surgical site will heal within a couple of weeks, leaving you with a permanent tooth replacement.